alexa Association of a promoter variant in the inducible cyclooxygenase-2 gene (PTGS2) with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Pima Indians.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Konheim YL, Wolford JK

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Recent studies have suggested that prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase-2 (PTGS2), also known as cyclo-oxygenase 2, plays an etiological role in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PTGS2 generates prostaglandins, which negatively modulate glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, and functions as a mediator of the inflammatory response, which is associated with decreased insulin sensitivity. Moreover, the gene encoding this enzyme, PTGS2, is located on 1q25.2, a region that has been linked with early onset T2DM in Pima Indians. To determine the possible role played by PTGS2 in modulating susceptibility to T2DM, we screened approximately 7.0 kb of the gene, corresponding to the promoter, coding sequence, and flanking exon-intron boundaries, and identified five variants, including three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoter, one intronic SNP, and one in the 3' untranslated region. With the exception of one rare promoter SNP (minor allele frequency <0.03), all SNPs were typed in approximately 1000 Pima Indians. The range of frequencies for the more common alleles was 0.65-0.88, and we found substantial linkage disequilibrium between all PTGS2 SNP pairs (D'>/=0.95). Variant alleles at two markers, rs20417 and rs2066826, which are located in the promoter and intron 6, respectively, were in strong linkage disequilibrium with each other (D'=0.97) and were associated with a higher prevalence of T2DM. For marker rs20417, individuals with the variant CC genotype had a 30\% higher T2DM prevalence compared with subjects with the GG genotype (odds ratio=1.6 per copy of C allele; P=0.01). The variant C allele of rs20417 has been associated with decreased PTGS2 promoter activity, thereby suggesting a possible biological consequence attributable to this polymorphism. These findings indicate that genetic variants in PTGS2 may play a role in mediating susceptibility to T2DM in Pima Indians and are consistent with the hypothesis that chronic inflammation may contribute to the development of T2DM in some individuals. This article was published in Hum Genet and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

OMICS International Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version