Author(s): Breitenstein B, Scheuer S, Brckl TM, Meyer J, Ising M,
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Abstract P-glycoprotein, encoded by the ABCB1 gene, functions as an ATP-driven efflux pump in the blood-brain barrier, extruding its substrates and thereby limiting their passage into the brain. ABCB1 polymorphisms predicted antidepressant drug response: Minor allele carriers of SNPs rs2032583 and rs2235015 had higher remission rates than major allele homozygotes. The aim of the current study was to evaluate an ABCB1 genotype-dependent efficacy of a quick dose escalation strategy. Depressed inpatients (n = 73) treated with antidepressants that are P-glycoprotein substrates were randomly assigned to a standard or high dose condition for 28 days. HAM-D scores, adverse effects and plasma antidepressant concentration were measured weekly and tested among two intronic SNPs rs2032583 and rs2235015. A treatment as usual control sample (n = 128) was retrospectively matched to the study group by gender, age, and diagnosis. There was a significant interaction of genotype x plasma antidepressant concentration: Minor allele carriers of rs2032583 [F(1,65) = 7.221, p = 0.009] and rs2235015 [F(1,65) = 4.939, p = 0.030] whose plasma drug concentration were within recommended range had a greater symptom reduction at study endpoint which exceeded the therapeutic benefit of the treatment as usual group [for rs2032583: F(1,163) = 4.366, p = 0.038]. Minor allele carriers of rs2032583 with high plasma drug levels had more sleep-related side effects than major allele homozygotes with high plasma drug levels. The treatment of MDD can be optimized by ABCB1 genotyping combined with monitoring of plasma drug concentrations: For minor allele carriers of rs2032583 and rs2235015, plasma antidepressant levels should not exceed the recommended range in order to obtain optimal treatment outcome. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Psychiatr Res
and referenced in Clinical Depression