alexa Association of CD4+ T cell-dependent keratitis with genetic susceptibility to Pseudomonas aeruginosa ocular infection.


Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Author(s): Kwon B, Hazlett LD

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Abstract The role of T lymphocytes in susceptibility to Pseudomonas aeruginosa corneal infection was studied in inbred C57Bl/6 (B6) beta2-microglobulin+/+ (beta2m+/+) and beta2m-/- knockout (KO) mice on a B6 genetic background. The corneas of both B6 and KO mice perforated by 7 days postinfection (p.i.). Histopathology revealed a similar inflammatory response characterized by an infiltration of polymorphonuclear neutrophilic leukocytes by 24 h p.i. in both groups of mice. CD4+ and CD8+ (latter absent in KO) T cells were present in cornea by 3 days p.i., and by 5 days, IL-2R-positive cells were positively immunostained. Corneas of B6 beta2m+/+ mice depleted of CD4+ T cells and infected with P. aeruginosa did not perforate at 7 days p.i. vs mice depleted of CD8+ T cells or treated with an irrelevant mAb. Neutralization of IFN-gamma before infecting B6 mice prevented corneal perforation and was associated with a lower delayed-type hypersensitivity than in B6 mice similarly treated with an irrelevant mAb. These data provide evidence that a CD4+ T cell (Th1)-dominated response following P. aeruginosa corneal infection is associated with genetic susceptibility and corneal perforation in inbred B6 mice.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

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