Author(s): Timm R, Kaiser R, Ltsch J, Heider U, Sezer O, , Timm R, Kaiser R, Ltsch J, Heider U, Sezer O,
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Abstract Cyclophosphamide (CP), a widely used cytostatic, is metabolized by polymorphic drug metabolizing enzymes particularly cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. Its side effects and clinical efficacy exhibit a broad interindividual variability, which might be due to differences in pharmacokinetics. CP-kinetics were determined in 60 patients using a global and a population pharmacokinetic model considering functionally relevant polymorphisms of CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP3A5, and GSTA1. Moreover, metabolic ratios were calculated for selected CP metabolites, analyzed by (31)P-NMR-spectroscopy. Analysis of variance revealed that the CYP2C19*2 genotype influenced significantly pharmacokinetics of CP at doses =1000 mg/m(2), whereas there was no evidence of an association of other genotypes to CP elimination or clearance. Mean (+/-SD) CP elimination constants k(e) (h(-1)) were 0.109+/-0.025 in 44 CYP2C19*1/*1 subjects, 0.088+/-0.018 in 13 CYP2C19*1/*2, and 0.076+/-0.014 in three inactive CYP2C19*2/*2 carriers (P=0.009). At CP doses higher than 1000 mg/m(2), a significantly increase of elimination was observed (P=0.001), possibly due to CYP induction. Further studies should link these findings with the clinical outcome.
This article was published in Pharmacogenomics J
and referenced in Lupus: Open Access