Author(s): Abd ElAziz TA, Mohamed RH, Hashem RM, Abd ElAziz TA, Mohamed RH, Hashem RM
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Abstract Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and Apolipoprotein C-III (APOC-III) play an important role in lipid metabolism. The aim of this study was to explore the possible associations of the gene polymorphisms (LPL HindIII, LPL Ser(447)-Ter and APOC3 SstI), diabetes mellitus, and plasma lipids with myocardial infarction. The polymorphisms were assessed by restriction assay in 200 Egyptian MI patients (100 diabetic and 100 non-diabetic) and 100 healthy controls. This study demonstrated that individuals with the H2H2 genotype or S2 allele have more than three times higher relative risk of suffering from MI than those carrying the H1H1 or S1S1. Type 2 DM mainly lowers HDL-C levels in MI patients who carry H2H2 or S2S2 genotype and increases TC, TG, and LDL levels in MI patients carrying H2H2 or S2S2 genotype compared with non-diabetic MI patients carrying the same genotypes. In S447X polymorphism, it was observed that DM led to loss of the protective lipid profile in MI patients carrying 447XX genotype. These findings suggest that H2H2 or S2S2 genotypes are associated with dyslipidemia and increased risk of myocardial infarction. The S447X polymorphism is associated with a favorable lipid profile. However, the association of diabetes mellitus with these polymorphisms leads to unfavorable lipid profile.
This article was published in Mol Cell Biochem
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology