Author(s): Takahashi N, KawanishiTabata R, Haba A, Tabata M, Haruta Y,
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Abstract In this report, we present data indicating that the increased serum endoglin (EDG; CD105) quantitated by a double-antibody sandwich assay is associated with metastasis in patients with solid tumors including colorectal and breast carcinomas. In addition, we show that chemotherapy exerts a suppressive effect on the serum EDG. EDG is a proliferation-associated cell membrane antigen of human vascular endothelial cells. Furthermore, EDG is essential for angiogenesis. We generated two anti-EDG monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), termed SN6a and SN6h, defining different epitopes of EDG and developed a double-antibody sandwich assay to quantitate serum EDG in patients with solid tumors. SN6h possesses an exceedingly high antigen-binding avidity (K, 1.38 x 10(11) liters/mol), whereas SN6a possesses an ordinary avidity for a mAb directed to a cell surface antigen (K, 2.85 x 10(8) liters/mol). We measured serum samples from 101 patients with solid tumors (34 colorectal cancers, 16 breast cancers, and 51 other cancers), 8 patients with benign diseases, and 31 healthy volunteers. The serum level of EDG was significantly elevated in the patients with metastatic cancers. The mean serum EDG in the 42 metastasis-negative patients was 34.0 +/- 26.8 ng/ml (median value, 27.9 ng/ml), whereas the value in the 59 metastasis-positive patients was 63.8 +/- 72.5 ng/ml (median value, 37.2 ng/ml). The difference in EDG levels between the two groups was statistically significant (P = 0.012). Of the colorectal cancer patients, the difference in EDG levels between the 19 metastasis-negative patients and the 15 metastasis-positive patients was statistically significant (P = 0.02). In addition, the difference between the normal control (n = 31) and the 15 metastasis-positive colorectal cancer patients was statistically significant (P = 0.04). Of the breast cancer patients, the difference in EDG levels between the 11 metastasis-positive patients and the normal control was statistically significant (P < 0.005). In additional studies, we found that chemotherapy suppressed serum EDG levels in cancer patients. Of the 54 metastasis-positive patients with solid tumors, the mean serum EDG in the 32 chemotherapy-receiving [chemotherapy(+)] patients was 44.7 +/- 41.9 ng/ml (median value, 36.1 ng/ml), whereas the value in the 22 chemotherapy(-) patients was 102.4 +/- 99.5 ng/ml (median value, 64.8 ng/ml). The difference in serum EDG between the two groups is statistically significant (P < 0.005). In the majority of metastasis-positive patients who were not receiving chemotherapy, serum EDG was elevated. The results suggest that serum EDG may be a useful marker for monitoring early signs of metastasis and cancer relapse in a long-term follow-up of solid tumor patients.
This article was published in Clin Cancer Res
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy