Author(s): Lollar P, HillEubanks DC, Parker CG
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Abstract Coagulation factor VIII (fVIII) is isolated from porcine blood as a set of three heterodimers because of proteolytic cleavages in the middle, or B region, of the parent single-chain molecule. A single 80-kDa COOH-terminal fragment, the light chain (fVIIILC), is associated with one of three forms of heavy chain (fVIIIHCs) by a calcium-dependent linkage. The purified heterodimers were dissociated using EDTA and fVIIILC, and fVIIIHCs were isolated by high pressure liquid chromatography under nondenaturing conditions. The association of fVIII, fVIIILC, and fVIIIHCs with multimeric human von Willebrand factor (vWF) was studied using analytical velocity sedimentation. A previous study using this method with an intact, single heterodimeric species of fVIII has shown that one molecule of fVIII can bind to each subunit of vWF (Lollar, P., and Parker, C.G. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 17572-17576). fVIIILC bound vWF as judged by the increase in the plateau height and sedimentation coefficient of the fVIIILC.vWF complex compared to vWF at 42,000 x g and by the decrease in the plateau height of the 4.8 S fVIIILC boundary sedimenting at 240,000 x g. Titration of a fixed concentration of fVIIILC with vWF yielded a stoichiometry of one fVIIILC molecule per subunit of vWF. Proteolytic cleavage by thrombin to remove an acidic 41-residue NH2-terminal peptide from fVIIILC completely abolished its binding to vWF. In contrast, no binding of fVIIIHCs to vWF was observed. Additionally, intact fVIII bound to vWF was completely dissociated after proteolysis by thrombin. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that a critical step in blood coagulation is the release of all regions of fVIII from vWF following a single proteolytic cleavage of fVIIILC.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion