alexa Association of the UCP polymorphisms with susceptibility to obesity: case-control study and meta-analysis.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Brondani LA, de Souza BM, Assmann TS, Bouas AP, Bauer AC,

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Abstract This paper describes a case-control study and a meta-analysis performed to evaluate if the following polymorphisms are associated with presence of obesity: -3826A/G (UCP1); -866G/A, Ala55Val and Ins/Del (UCP2) and -55C/T (UCP3). The case-control study enrolled 282 obese and 483 non-obese patients with type 2 diabetes. A literature search was made to identify all studies that evaluated associations between UCP1-3 polymorphisms and obesity. In the case-control study the distributions of the UCP variants did not differ between obese and non-obese groups (P > 0.05). Forty-seven studies were eligible for the meta-analysis and the results showed that the UCP2 -866G/A and UCP3 -55C/T polymorphisms were associated with protection to obesity in Europeans (OR = 0.89, 95\% CI 0.82-0.97 and OR = 0.88, 95\% CI 0.80-0.97, respectively). The UCP2 Ala55 val polymorphism was associated with obesity in Asians (OR = 1.61, 95\% CI 1.13-2.30). The UCP2 Ins/Del polymorphism was associated with obesity mainly in Europeans (OR = 1.19, 95\% CI 1.00-1.42). There was no significant association of the UCP1 -3826A/G polymorphism with obesity. In our case-control study we were not able to demonstrate any association between UCP polymorphisms and obesity in T2DM patients; however, in the meta-analysis we detected a significant association of UCP2 -866G/A, Ins/Del, Ala55Val and UCP3 -55C/T polymorphisms with obesity. This article was published in Mol Biol Rep and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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