Author(s): Mukherjee S, Bhowmik AD, Roychoudhury P, Mukhopadhyay K, Ray JG,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Arecanut and smokeless tobacco usage is a major cause for oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) and its subsequent development to oral squamous cell carcinoma in South-east Asian population. Polymorphisms at N-acetyltransferase 2 locus, coding for an enzyme catalyzing acetylation of aromatic amines, might cause DNA adduct formation because of improper acetylation of these polyaromatic hydrocarbons. DNA repair enzymes remove these adduct to prevent malignancy. METHODS: In this hospital-based study, 100 controls and 88 OSF patients were genotyped at four polymorphic sites on NAT2 481 (C > T; silent), 590 (G > A; Arg197 > Gln), 803 (A > G; Lys268 > Arg), 857 (G > A; Gly286 > Glu) and two on XRCC1 18067 (C > T Arg 194 > Trp), 28152 (G > A Arg 399 > Gln), and one of XRCC3 26304 (C > T Thr 241 > Met) loci by PCR-RFLP to determine the risk of the disease. RESULTS: Heterozygous XRCC3 codon 241 [OR 2.07 (1.05-4.06)], homozygous variant of NAT C481T [OR 2.81 (1.09-7.21)], and both heterozygous and homozygous variants of NAT codon 268 and 286 [OR 2.31 (1.20-4.45) and 4.98 (1.87-13.14), and 6.12 (2.75-13.62) and 2.65 (1.04-6.72)] individually influenced susceptibility to OSF in the population. CONCLUSION: Gene-gene interaction analysis by multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) revealed that XRCC3 Thr 241 Met had the largest univariate effect followed by XRCC3 Thr 241 Met - NAT2 A857G in men that presents a highly synergistic interaction as one of the potential combinations of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to increase the risk of OSF in men if exposed to arecanut or smokeless tobacco usage. These observations can speculate the impact of the studied SNPs on the etiology of OSF. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
This article was published in J Oral Pathol Med
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology