alexa As(V) retention and As(III) simultaneous oxidation and removal on a MnO2-loaded polystyrene resin.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Advanced Chemical Engineering

Author(s): Lenoble V, Laclautre C, Serpaud B, Deluchat V, Bollinger JC

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Abstract Based on KMnO4 oxidative capacity, a polystyrene matrix loaded with manganese dioxide was synthesized from an anionic commercial resin in chloride form. This medium, called R-MnO2, was tested for As(V) retention and for As(III) simultaneous oxidation and removal. Equilibrium was reached in 2 h and isotherms showed that R-MnO2 maximal capacities towards As(III) and As(V) are, respectively, 0.7 and 0.3 mmol/g. Various mechanisms were involved in As(III) retention: oxidation of H3AsO3(0) by MnO2(s) leading to the formation of HAsO4(2)- and Mn2+, fixation of As(V) formed on the resin beads and precipitation of Mn3(AsO4)2 with Mn2+ released. Successive arsenic desorption and retention steps were performed and showed that the quantity desorbed was low compared to the quantity removed during the first stage of the process. A second removal step, carried out under the same conditions as the first one, proved that the matrix second-removal capacity was weak. This solid sorbent, although not reusable, can be considered in field application as arsenic retention is really strong. Copryright 2004 Elsevier B.V. This article was published in Sci Total Environ and referenced in Journal of Advanced Chemical Engineering

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