alexa AT1 receptor-mediated angiotensin II activation and chemotaxis of T lymphocytes.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): SilvaFilho JL, Souza MC, Henriques Md, Morrot A, Savino W,

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Abstract Angiotensin II (Ang II), a central renin-angiotensin system (RAS) effector molecule, and its receptors, AT(1) and AT(2), have been shown to be involved in the inflammatory aspects of different diseases, however the cellular mechanisms underlying the regulation of immunity are not fully understood. In this work, using spleen-derived CD4(+) and CD8(+) T lymphocytes activated in vitro, we tested the influence of Ang II on different aspects of the T cell function, such as activation and adhesion/transmigration through endothelial basal membrane proteins. The addition of 10(-8)M Ang II did not change any of the parameters evaluated. However, 10(-6)M losartan, an AT(1) receptor antagonist: (i) reduced the percentage of CD25(+) and CD69(+) cells of both subsets; (ii) inhibited adhesion of these cells to fibronectin or laminin by 53\% or 76\%, respectively and (iii) significantly reduced transmigration through fibronectin or laminin by 57\% or 43\%, respectively. In addition, 10(-6)M captopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor had similar effects to Ang II, however its effects were reverted by exogenous Ang II (10(-8)M). None of these responses was modified by 10(-7)M PD123319, an AT(2) antagonist. These data reinforce the notion of endogenous production of Ang II by T cells, which is important for T cell activation, and adhesion/transmigration induced on interaction with basal membrane proteins, possibly involving AT(1) receptor activation. Moreover, AT(1) receptor expression is 10-fold higher in activated T lymphocytes compared with naive cells, but AT(2) receptor expression did not change after T cell receptor triggering. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Mol Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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