alexa Atlas of the neurons that express mRNA for the long form of the prolactin receptor in the forebrain of the female rat.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome

Author(s): Bakowska JC, Morrell JI

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Abstract Prolactin has a variety of important physiological effects on peripheral tissue and on the brain. The behavioral effects of prolactin include the induction of maternal behavior and increased food intake. Prolactin acts via its cognate receptors which have two forms, a short and a long form. The long form of the receptor is predominant in the preoptic area-hypothalamus and is positioned to support maternal behavior since this form is regulated across pregnancy and lactation (Nagano and Kelly [1994] J. Biol. Chem. 269:13337-13345; Sugiyama et al. [1994] J. Endocrinol. 141:325-333). By using in situ hybridization with [33P] labelled cRNA probe specific for the long form of the receptor mRNA(L-PRL mRNA) we have mapped, in brains from 2- and 21-day-old pregnant females, the neuroanatomical distribution of neurons expressing the long form of the receptor. Many neurons with high expression of L-PRL mRNA were located in the anteroventral periventricular nucleus, the medial preoptic area (MPO), specific subdivisions of the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei, and in the arcuate and ventromedial nuclei. Labelled neurons were also found in limbic system structures such as the bed nucleus of stria terminalis (BST) and the medial nucleus of the amygdala, in a few thalamic nuclei, and in the central gray. All cells throughout the choroid plexus expressed high levels of L-PRL mRNA. The levels of L-PRL mRNA were higher in females on day 21 of pregnancy in the MPO and in the choroid plexus, than in females on day 2 of pregnancy; levels in the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMH) were unchanged across pregnancy. The neuroanatomical distribution of neurons expressing L-PRL mRNA may have special relevance for the mediation of maternal behavior, lactation, sexual behavior, and feeding.
This article was published in J Comp Neurol and referenced in Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome

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