Author(s): Miles DM, Branton SL, Lott BD
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Abstract Atmospheric ammonia inhibits broiler performance. Quantified effects are based on older genetic stock with a BW of 2000 g at 7 wk. In contrast, modern genetic stock reaches 3200 g at 7 wk of age. To assess the impact on present day broilers, 2 trials were conducted exposing male broilers to graded levels (0, 25, 50, and 75 ppm) of aerial ammonia from 0 to 4 wk of age. Sixty, 1-d-old chicks were placed in environmentally controlled chambers, weighed weekly as a group, and processed with yield determined at 7 wk of age. Final BW was significantly depressed by 6 and 9\% for the 50 and 75 ppm concentrations of ammonia as compared with 0 ppm. Also, mortality was significantly greater at the 75 ppm ammonia concentration, 13.9\% compared with 5.8\% for the 0 ppm treatment. Percentage yield of deboned meat per bird decreased slightly with increasing exposure to ammonia but was not statistically significant. Although current genetic stock reaches growout weights that are approximately 60\% greater than those 2 decades ago, the relative quantified effects of ammonia exposure were similar. Additionally, statistical analysis of the results provided a simple equation, presented herein, for predicting the decline in BW of male broilers after exposure to ammonia.
This article was published in Poult Sci
and referenced in Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering