Author(s): Basavannacharya C, Robertson G, Munshi T, Keep NH, Bhakta S, Basavannacharya C, Robertson G, Munshi T, Keep NH, Bhakta S
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Abstract New therapies are required against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and its cell wall peptidoglycan biosynthesis is a potential therapeutic target. UDP-MurNAc-tripeptide ligase (MurE) is a member of the ATP-dependent ligase family, which incorporate amino acids including meso-diaminopimelic acid (m-DAP) into peptidoglycan during synthesis in a species-specific manner. In the present study, we have cloned, over-expressed, and characterised MurE from M. tuberculosis (Mtb-MurE). The crystal structure has been determined at 3.0A resolution in the presence of the substrate UDP-MurNAc-l-Ala-d-Glu (UAG). The activity of the enzyme was measured through estimating inorganic phosphate released in a non-radioactive high-throughput colourimetric assay. UDP-MurNAc-l-Ala-d-Glu-m-DAP (UMT) formation coupled to inorganic phosphate release was confirmed by HPLC and mass spectrometric analyses. Kinetic constants were determined for a range of natural substrates using optimised conditions. From our findings, it is evident that Mtb-MurE is highly specific in adding m-DAP to UDP-MurNAc-dipeptide and ATP-hydrolysis is an absolute requirement for its activity.
This article was published in Tuberculosis (Edinb)
and referenced in Molecular Biology: Open Access