Author(s): Sharma D, Li G, Xu G, Liu Y, Xu Y
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Abstract Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained arrhythmia associated with substantial cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, with stroke being the most critical complication. The role of atrial remodeling has emerged as the new pathophysiological mechanism of atrial fibrillation. Electrical remodeling and structural remodeling will increase the probability of generating multiple atrial wavelets by enabling rapid atrial activation and dispersion of refractoriness. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs of 20-25 nucleotides in length that regulate expression of target genes through sequence-specific hybridization to the 3' untranslated region of messenger RNAs and either block translation or direct degradation of their target messenger RNA. They have also been implicated in a variety of pathological conditions, such as arrhythmogenesis and atrial fibrillation. Target genes of miRNAs have the potential to affect atrial fibrillation vulnerability. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.
This article was published in Cardiology
and referenced in Internal Medicine: Open Access