Author(s): Chen MC, Chang JP, Guo GB, Chang HW
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: Previous studies showed that the surgical maze procedure can restore sinus rhythm and atrial transport function in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF). However, no previous studies discussed the association of atrial size reduction and the success of sinus conversion by the radiofrequency (RF) maze procedure for chronic AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 119 chronic AF patients undergoing valvular operations were included in this study. Sixty-one patients received RF and cryoablation to create lesions in both atria to simulate the surgical maze II or III procedure (RF maze II or RF maze III; 13 patients, group 1) or a modified maze pattern (RF maze "IV"; 48 patients, group 2). The other 58 patients who underwent valvular operations alone without the maze procedure served as control (group 3). At 3-month follow-up after operation, sinus rhythm was restored in 73\%, 81\%, and 11\% of patients in groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively. Preoperative left and right atrial sizes were not statistically significant predictors of sinus conversion by the RF maze procedure. However, as a result of postoperative reduction of atrial sizes, postoperative left atrial diameter was significantly smaller in patients who had sinus conversion by the RF maze procedure than in patients who did not regain sinus rhythm (45.0+/-7.0 mm vs 51.0+/-8.0 mm; P = 0.03). Postoperative right atrial area of patients who had sinus conversion by the RF maze procedure also was significantly smaller than that of patients who did not regain sinus rhythm (18.1+/-4.4 cm2 vs 28.5+/-8.2 cm2; P = 0.008). CONCLUSION: Atrial size reduction appears to predict the success of sinus conversion with the RF maze procedure used in conjunction with valvular surgery.
This article was published in J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology