alexa Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in a Canadian prison population.


Journal of Forensic Psychology

Author(s): Usher AM, Stewart LA, Wilton G

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Abstract Previous research has shown that a significant percentage of offenders are affected by adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and its related symptoms, however it is unknown the extent to which this disorder affects federal inmates in Canada and the impact ADHD has on key correctional outcomes. Four hundred and ninety-seven male federal offenders were assessed at intake over a fourteen month period using the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS). Approximately 16.5\% scored in the highest range, which is consistent with the clinical threshold for diagnosis for the disorder; a further 25.2\% reported sub-threshold symptoms in the moderate range. ADHD symptoms were found to be associated with unstable job history, presence of a learning disability, lower educational attainment, substance abuse, higher criminal risk and need levels, and other mental health problems. ADHD symptoms were also found to predict institutional misconduct. Additionally, offenders with high levels of ADHD symptomatology fared more poorly on release to the community. Implications for institutional behavior management and the need for additional resources and adapted interventions are discussed. Crown Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Int J Law Psychiatry and referenced in Journal of Forensic Psychology

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