Author(s): Farooq A, Whitehead D, Azzawi M
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Abstract AIM: To determine the influence of silica nanoparticle (SiNP) number, size and dye encapsulation on conduit arterial function, in vitro. MATERIALS & METHODS: Rhodamine B isothiocyanate (RBITC) dye molecules were encapsulated in a silica shell to produce nanoparticles (silica RBITC nanoparticles) smaller than 100 nm size. Their effects on endothelial-dependent (acetylcholine; 0.01-200 µM) and -independent (sodium nitroprusside; 0.001-10 µM) dilator responses were examined. RESULTS: When incubated with 1.96 × 10(12) nanoparticles/ml, both 30 and 70 nm SiNPs and silica RBITC nanoparticles significantly reduced endothelium-dependent, but not -independent, vasodilation. The degree of attenuation was related to nanoparticle surface area, rather than size, and influenced by dye encapsulation. Furthermore, attenuated dilation due to silica RBITC nanoparticles, but not SiNPs, could be partially restored using superoxide dismutase. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the mechanism of attenuated dilation is different for SiNPs and silica RBITC nanoparticles, which has implications for the future fabrication of biocompatible nanoparticles for imaging diagnostics.
This article was published in Nanomedicine (Lond)
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology