Author(s): Kim EY, Chang SY, Chung JM, Ryu BR, Joo CK,
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Abstract Synaptically released Zn2+ ions enter into neurons primarily through voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (VGCC) or N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, which can mediate pathological neuronal death. We studied the possibility (and underlying mechanisms) that aspirin, known to prevent NMDA neurotoxicity, would also attenuate Zn2+ neurotoxicity. Administration of 3 to 10 mM aspirin, in cortical cell cultures, attenuated the evolution of neuronal death following exposure to 300 microM Zn2+ for 30 min. This neuroprotective effect of aspirin was attributable to the prevention of Zn2+ ion entry. Aspirin interfered with inward currents and an increase in [Ca2+]i through VGCC and selective binding of omega-conotoxin, sensitive to N-type Ca2+ channel. The omega-conotoxins GVIA or MVIIC, the selective inhibitors of N-type Ca2+ channels, attenuated Zn2+ neurotoxicity. Aspirin derivatives lacking the carboxyl acid group did not reduce Zn2+ neurotoxicity. The present findings suggest that aspirin prevents Zn2+-mediated neuronal death by interfering with VGCC, and its action specifically requires the carboxyl acid group. Copyright 2001 Academic Press.
This article was published in Neurobiol Dis
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology