Author(s): Pilon MA, McIntosh KW, Thaut MH
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Abstract Metronome, singing, and board pacing were used as external rate control techniques for the purpose of comparing the effectiveness of auditory and visual speech timing cues for reducing speech rate and increasing intelligibility in three traumatically brain injured mixed spastic-ataxic dysarthric speakers. A single system design with baseline reversal (ABACAD) was used in this preliminary investigation. Results demonstrated statistically significant (p < 0.05) changes in increased speech intelligibility during all three pacing conditions for the two more involved subjects. Differences between treatment conditions were not statistically significant. However, auditory metronome cuing showed the best results for the two subjects who benefited from rate control. Lower baseline intelligibility was strongly correlated with higher benefit from rate control. Furthermore, the two auditory rhythmic pacing conditions exhibited a close synthronization effect between the frequency rate of the cue and speech rate. Significant correlation coefficients between decreased speech rate and increased intelligibility were only found for the two more involved subjects. These findings suggested a differential benefit of slowing speech rate to improve intelligibility contingent upon severity of speech deficits.
This article was published in Brain Inj
and referenced in Journal of Speech Pathology & Therapy