Author(s): Borda E, SterinBorda L
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Isolated congenital heart block may be associated with autoimmune disorder such as Sjögren Syndrome and systemic lupus erythematosus. In this work we demonstrate circulating autoantibodies against neonatal heart M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) in the sera of children with congenital heart block. This antibody were able to react with the second extracellular loop of the human M1 mAChR as demonstrated using a synthetic peptide in enzyme immune assay and binding assay. Affinity purified anti-peptide IgG as well as total IgG from children with congenital heart block, interfered with the specific radioligand occupancy from neonatal heart M1 mAChR, interacting irreversibly. The antipeptide antibodies also displayed an 'agonist-like' activity, i.e. decreased contractility, activated nitric oxide synthase activity and increased production of cyclic GMP. All of these effects were selectively blunted by pirenzepine and neutralized by the synthetic M1 peptide. Both binding and biological effects were obtained using neonatal rat heart instead adult heart and were independent of Ro/SS-A and La/SS-B antibodies and were also absent in the sera of normal children. A clinical relevance of these findings is demonstrated by a strong association between the existence of circulating M1 mAChR antipeptide antibodies and the presence of isolated congenital heart block, making these antibodies a proper marker of this disease. Copyright 2001 Academic Press.
This article was published in J Autoimmun
and referenced in Dentistry