alexa Autoantigen-specific memory CD4+ T cells are prevalent early in progression to Type 1 diabetes.
Immunology

Immunology

Immunotherapy: Open Access

Author(s): Oling V, Reijonen H, Simell O, Knip M, Ilonen J

Abstract Share this page

Autoreactive CD4(+) T cells contribute to the destruction of insulin producing beta cells in Type 1 diabetes (T1D). Using MHC class II tetramers, we have analyzed the frequency of GAD65- (274-286; 555-567) and insulin- (A1-15; A6-21) specific CD4(+) T cells in 31 children with T1D, 65 multiple autoantibody-positive children and 93 HLA- and age-matched controls. In a smaller group of children T-cell responses of memory origin to the same autoantigens were investigated. We observed a higher response to GAD65 555-567 in the autoantibody-positive children than in the controls (P=0.017). Memory T-cell responses to GAD65 555-567 were more frequent among T1D patients (P=0.025) and autoantibody-positive (P=0.054), while all controls were negative (n=28). In summary, the presence of antigen experienced GAD65-specific T cells in the subjects with diabetes-associated autoimmunity is encouraging for further directions in the prediction of T1D. This article was published in Cell Immunol and referenced in Immunotherapy: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords