alexa Autocrine control of prolactin secretion by vasoactive intestinal peptide.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome

Author(s): Nagy G, Mulchahey JJ, Neill JD

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The functions of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and the many other neuropeptides that are localized in the anterior pituitary gland remain unknown although VIP of hypothalamic origin is established to act as a PRL-releasing factor. Evidence is presented here that locally-produced VIP acts in an autocrine fashion to stimulate PRL release. VIP antibodies or a VIP antagonist profoundly but reversibly suppressed PRL secretion in primary cultures of rat pituitary cells or the GH3 cell line. This evidence was obtained with the use of a reverse hemolytic plaque assay for microscopic demonstration of PRL release from individual cells under conditions precluding cell-cell interaction. We suggest that most of the high rate of "spontaneous" PRL secretion attributed to lactotropes deprived of hypothalamic influence is due in fact to the stimulatory effects of VIP acting in an autocrine fashion. This article was published in Endocrinology and referenced in Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version