Author(s): Nagy G, Mulchahey JJ, Neill JD
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Abstract The functions of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and the many other neuropeptides that are localized in the anterior pituitary gland remain unknown although VIP of hypothalamic origin is established to act as a PRL-releasing factor. Evidence is presented here that locally-produced VIP acts in an autocrine fashion to stimulate PRL release. VIP antibodies or a VIP antagonist profoundly but reversibly suppressed PRL secretion in primary cultures of rat pituitary cells or the GH3 cell line. This evidence was obtained with the use of a reverse hemolytic plaque assay for microscopic demonstration of PRL release from individual cells under conditions precluding cell-cell interaction. We suggest that most of the high rate of "spontaneous" PRL secretion attributed to lactotropes deprived of hypothalamic influence is due in fact to the stimulatory effects of VIP acting in an autocrine fashion.
This article was published in Endocrinology
and referenced in Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome