Author(s): Lenardo MJ, Boehme S, Chen L, Combadiere B, Fisher G,
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Abstract Antigen-induced T cell death is an important regulatory mechanism in the peripheral immune system. Evidence suggests that this process depends on T cell growth-inducing lymphokines such as IL-2 and occurs in proportion to the degree of T cell receptor occupancy. Strong T cell receptor stimulation leads to the synthesis of death molecules such as Fas ligand and tumor necrosis factor that cause T cell suicide. We propose that T cell death under these circumstances is the culmination of a feedback control mechanism termed propriocidal regulation or autocrine feedback death that regulates the expansion of specific T cell clones under conditions of high lymphokine and antigen load. In a quasi-stochastic system such as the antigen receptor repertoire, feedback information may be essential for the appropriate regulation of peripheral immune responses. Our understanding of this feedback mechanism affords a means to manipulate antigen-specific T cell death in vivo. The application of this approach to the therapy of T cell-medicated immunological diseases is discussed.
This article was published in Int Rev Immunol
and referenced in Biology and Medicine