alexa [Autoimmune hepatitis: diagnostic and therapeutic up-to-date].
Clinical Research

Clinical Research

JBR Journal of Clinical Diagnosis and Research

Author(s): Corpechot C, Chazouillres O

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Autoimmune hepatitis is a disorder of unknown aetiology that occurs in children and adults of all ages with a female predominance. The spectrum of presentation is wide, ranging from no symptoms to acute liver failure. The diagnosis is based on high level serum gammaglobulins, characteristic circulating autoantibodies and histologic abnormalities (necrosis and inflammation). Autoimmune hepatitis is classified on the basis of the autoantibody pattern: type 1 (antinuclear and/or smooth muscle antibodies) is the classic form whereas type II (liver-kidney microsome 1 antibody) is much less common and occurs mainly in childhood. Mixed forms of autoimmune hepatitis that share features with other putative autoimmune liver diseases, primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis, have been described. Because of therapeutic issues, it is important to distinguish autoimmune hepatitis from other forms of hepatitis and the use of diagnostic scoring systems may be helpful. The treatment of autoimmune hepatitis has not changed for the past 30 years. It consists of corticosteroids associated with azathioprine. This treatment is rapidly effective but usually only suspensive. Relapse after treatment withdrawal is the rule (80\% of cases). The main risk factor of recurrence is the degree of residual inflammation on liver biopsy. The frequency of side effects justifies an attempt of drug discontinuation provided that criteria of clinical, biochemical and histological remission are achieved after at least 2 years of treatment. Copyright © 2010 Société nationale française de médecine interne (SNFMI). Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved. This article was published in Rev Med Interne and referenced in JBR Journal of Clinical Diagnosis and Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords