alexa Autoimmunity and tumor immunity induced by immune responses to mutations in self.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Engelhorn ME, GuevaraPatio JA, Noffz G, Hooper AT, Lou O,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Little is known about the consequences of immune recognition of mutated gene products, despite their potential relevance to autoimmunity and tumor immunity. To identify mutations that induce immunity, here we have developed a systematic approach in which combinatorial DNA libraries encoding large numbers of random mutations in two syngeneic tyrosinase-related proteins are used to immunize black mice. We show that the libraries of mutated DNA induce autoimmune hypopigmentation and tumor immunity through cross-recognition of nonmutated gene products. Truncations are present in all immunogenic clones and are sufficient to elicit immunity to self, triggering recognition of normally silent epitopes. Immunity is further enhanced by specific amino acid substitutions that promote T helper cell responses. Thus, presentation of a vast repertoire of antigen variants to the immune system can enhance the generation of adaptive immune responses to self. This article was published in Nat Med and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords