Author(s): Monkman SC, Ellis JS, Cholerton S, Thomason JM, Seymour RA,
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Abstract This paper describes an automated capillary gas chromatographic method for the determination of amlodipine in plasma, and in sub-microlitre volumes of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), in order to assess if amlodipine is present in GCF under conditions of gingival overgrowth, as has been shown for nifedipine, another dihydropyridine drug. Liquid-liquid extraction followed by derivatisation was employed to isolate amlodipine and render it suitable for gas chromatography. Amlodipine was analysed in plasma and GCF of four patients undergoing amlodipine therapy for cardiovascular disorders, three of whom had significant gingival overgrowth. Amlodipine was detected in the plasma of all patients and in massive concentrations in the GCF of those patients with overgrowth, 23- to 290-fold greater than in their plasma. Like nifedipine, amlodipine sequestration into GCF appears to be linked with gingival overgrowth.
This article was published in J Chromatogr B Biomed Appl
and referenced in Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine