Author(s): Kaspar H, Dettmer K, Gronwald W, Oefner PJ
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Abstract A gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method was developed for the quantitative analysis of free amino acids as their propyl chloroformate derivatives in biological fluids. Derivatization with propyl chloroformate is carried out directly in the biological samples without prior protein precipitation or solid-phase extraction of the amino acids, thereby allowing automation of the entire procedure, including addition of reagents, extraction and injection into the GC-MS. The total analysis time was 30 min and 30 amino acids could be reliably quantified using 19 stable isotope-labeled amino acids as internal standards. Limits of detection (LOD) and lower limits of quantification (LLOQ) were in the range of 0.03-12 microM and 0.3-30 microM, respectively. The method was validated using a certified amino acid standard and reference plasma, and its applicability to different biological fluids was shown. Intra-day precision for the analysis of human urine, blood plasma, and cell culture medium was 2.0-8.8\%, 0.9-8.3\%, and 2.0-14.3\%, respectively, while the inter-day precision for human urine was 1.5-14.1\%.
This article was published in J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci
and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques