Author(s): Varma JS
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Abstract The nervous control of the motility of the human distal bowel was investigated by two physiological studies of electrical stimulation of sacral parasympathetic outflow in patients with high spinal injuries and in patients with intractable constipation following pelvic surgery. Identical and reproducible motility responses of the left colon, rectum, and anal sphincters were obtained by sequential electrical stimulation of anterior sacral roots S2, S3, and S4 in patients with spinal injury. S2 stimulation provoked isolated low-pressure colorectal contractions. S3 stimulation initiated frequency-dependent high-pressure colorectal motor activity which appeared peristaltic and was enhanced with repetitive stimuli. S4 stimulation increased colonic and rectal tone. Quantitative responses were maximal at the splenic flexure and rectum. Pelvic floor activity was stimulated in increasing magnitude from S2 to S4. These results of distal bowel motility were achieved by an implanted Brindley stimulator. A newer generation of externally active stimulators are envisaged for the control of lower bowel in fecal incontinence. Women with intractable constipation following hysterectomy had significantly increased rectal volume and compliance together with deficits of rectal sensory function. Following stimulation with Prostigmine (neostigmine) a colorectal motility gradient was paradoxically reversed in the patients following hysterectomy, thus constituting a functional obstruction. Denervation supersensitivity was demonstrable in 2 patients tested with carbachol provocation. These findings suggest dysfunction in the autonomic innervation of the hindgut in some patients following hysterectomy.
This article was published in World J Surg
and referenced in Internal Medicine: Open Access