alexa Autophagic myelin destruction by Schwann cells during Wallerian degeneration and segmental demyelination.


Journal of Multiple Sclerosis

Author(s): Jang SY, Shin YK, Park SY, Park JY, Lee HJ, , Jang SY, Shin YK, Park SY, Park JY, Lee HJ,

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Abstract As lysosomal hydrolysis has long been suggested to be responsible for myelin clearance after peripheral nerve injury, in this study, we investigated the possible role of autophagolysosome formation in myelin phagocytosis by Schwann cells and its final contribution to nerve regeneration. We found that the canonical formation of autophagolysosomes was induced in demyelinating Schwann cells after injury, and the inhibition of autophagy via Schwann cell-specific knockout of the atg7 gene or pharmacological intervention of lysosomal function caused a significant delay in myelin clearance. However, Schwann cell dedifferentiation, as demonstrated by extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation and c-Jun induction, and redifferentiation were not significantly affected, and thus the entire repair program progressed normally in atg7 knockout mice. Finally, autophagic Schwann cells were also found during segmental demyelination in a mouse model of inflammatory peripheral neuropathy. Together, our findings suggest that autophagy is the self-myelin destruction mechanism of Schwann cells, but mechanistically, it is a process distinct from Schwann cell plasticity for nerve repair. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This article was published in Glia and referenced in Journal of Multiple Sclerosis

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