Author(s): Dence CS, Ponde DE, Welch MJ, Lewis JS
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: Copper(II)-diacetyl-bis(N(4)-methylthiosemicarbazone), or Cu-ATSM, a hypoxia imaging agent, has been shown to be predictive of response to traditional cancer therapies in patients with a wide range of tumors. It is known that the environment of the tumor results in a myriad of physiological consequences, including hypoxia, alterations in metabolism and proliferation. In an effort to better characterize the relationships between Cu-ATSM and other prominent radiopharmaceuticals, this current study was undertaken to compare the regional distribution of (64)Cu-ATSM with [(18)F]fluoromisonidazole ((18)F-FMISO), [(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose ((18)F-FDG) and [(18)F]fluorothymidine ((18)F-FLT) in 9L tumors. METHODS: Taking advantage of the different half-life of (18)F (t(1/2)=110 min) in comparison to (64)Cu (t(1/2)=12.7 h), we undertook a dual-tracer autoradiography study in 9L tumors. Four groups were examined: (a) (18)F-FMISO, 2 h postinjection (p.i.) and (64)Cu-ATSM, 10 min p.i.; (b) (18)F-FMISO, 2 h p.i. and (64)Cu-ATSM, 24 h p.i.; (c) (18)F-FDG, 1 h p.i. and (64)Cu-ATSM, 10 min p.i.; and (d) (18)F-FLT, 1 h p.i. and (64)Cu-ATSM, 10 min p.i. Small-animal PET imaging was performed in 9L tumor-bearing rats with imaging on concurrent days comparing (64)Cu-ATSM with (18)F-FMISO and (18)F-FLT. RESULTS: It was shown that the regional distribution of (18)F-FMISO and (64)Cu-ATSM showed an excellent correlation when the (64)Cu-ATSM had been allowed to distribute for either 10 min (R(2)=.84) or 24 h (R(2)=.86). The regional comparisons between (64)Cu-ATSM (10 min) and (18)F-FDG (1 h) resulted in a very poor correlation (R(2)=.08) between the regional uptake of the two agents. The comparison between (18)F-FLT and (64)Cu-ATSM showed a strong relationship (R(2)=.83) between the two tracers. The small-animal PET images for the distribution comparisons between (64)Cu-ATSM and (18)F-FMISO and (18)F-FLT were in agreement with the data generated from the autoradiography studies. CONCLUSIONS: The data show that it is important to remember that a number of different metabolic situations can exist when considering the relationship between regions of high glucose uptake, proliferation and hypoxia.
This article was published in Nucl Med Biol
and referenced in OMICS Journal of Radiology