Author(s): Walker JM, Bowen WD, Goldstein SR, Roberts AH, Patrick SL,
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Abstract Binding studies suggested the selectivity of (+)-pentazocine for sigma receptors, and subsequent synthesis and testing of [3H](+)-pentazocine confirmed its high potency and selectivity for sigma sites. Newer data have demonstrated the selectivity of (+)-pentazocine for a subtype of the sigma receptor called sigma-1. Based on these findings, the distribution of [3H](+)-pentazocine binding sites in the guinea pig brain was examined using in vitro autoradiography. [3H](+)-Pentazocine binding was high in the cingulate cortex, dorsal diagonal band, periaqueductal gray, cerebellum and cranial nerve nuclei. It was relatively low in the nucleus accumbens, neocortical areas and caudate nucleus. A significant correlation was found between the binding of [3H](+)-pentazocine and [3H]1,3-di-o-tolylguanidine, a selective sigma ligand across brain regions. However, certain nuclei exhibited markedly different ratios of binding of the two ligands. Since DTG is not selective for the sigma subtypes, while (+)-pentazocine is selective for the sigma-1 type, the data are suggestive of relative differences in the distributions of sigma-1 and sigma-2 sites.
This article was published in Brain Res
and referenced in Journal of Alcoholism & Drug Dependence