alexa Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease: clues to pathogenesis.


Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

Author(s): Harris PC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is caused by mutation of one of two genes: PKD1 (16p13.3) or PKD2 (4q13-23). PKD1 accounts for approximately 85\% of pedigrees and is associated with significantly more severe cystic disease. The ADPKD genes encode proteins, polycystin-1 and polycystin-2, which are very different in size and structure, but which have a region of homology and may interact as part of the same complex. Polycystin-1 is a large, integral membrane protein ( approximately 460 kDa) predicted to be involved in cell-cell and/or cell-matrix interactions. Polycystin-2 ( approximately 110 kDa) is related to polycystin-1 and voltage-activated and transient receptor potential channel subunits, suggesting that the polycystins may also be associated with ion transport. A polycystin complex could regulate cellular events (that are abnormal in ADPKD) in response to specific extracellular cues, mediated by controlling cellular Ca(2+)levels and/or other signalling pathways. Recently, two further polycystin-like molecules have been identified, indicating roles for this novel protein family beyond the kidney. A wide range of different mutations to the PKD1 or PKD2 gene have been detected, most predicted to truncate and inactivate the proteins. A somatic second hit may be required for focal cyst development, although there is widespread immunohistochemical evidence of polycystin expression in cystic epithelia. Disruption of the mouse Pkd1 gene leads to death in the perinatal period with massive cystic expansion in homozygotes and age-related cyst development in heterozygotes. Normal renal development in Pkd1(del34/del34)mice up to embryonic day approximately 15.5 suggests a role for polycystin-1 in developing and maintaining the tubular architecture, consistent with the localization of the protein, rather than nephron induction. Renal cystic disease in homo- and heterozygotes of a Pkd2 mouse model with a disrupted exon 1 inserted in tandem with the normal exon (and prone to somatic recombination, which inactivates the gene) supports a role for somatic events in cystogenesis.
This article was published in Hum Mol Genet and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version