Author(s): Sansonno L, Tucci FA, Sansonno S, Lauletta G, Troiani L,
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Abstract In addition to cause acute and chronic liver disease, hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is frequently associated to autoimmune disorders, such as mixed cryoglobulinemia, primary glomerulonephritis, monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance and post-transplant proliferative disorders. Progression to malignant phenotype of B cells may be the consequence of additional genetic events or abnormal conditions resulting from modification of host cell genes involved in the control of oncogenes and oncoproteins. In this review, we will address the potential immune disregulatory mechanism(s) underlying HCV persistence. In addition, HCV/B-cell interaction that might explain defects in humoral immunity in individuals who develop chronic virus carriage and lymphoproliferative disorders will be emphasized.
This article was published in Autoimmun Rev
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism