alexa B cells regulate autoimmunity by provision of IL-10.
Neurology

Neurology

Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology

Author(s): Fillatreau S, Sweenie CH, McGeachy MJ, Gray D, Anderton SM, Fillatreau S, Sweenie CH, McGeachy MJ, Gray D, Anderton SM

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Abstract To assess the importance of B cell control of T cell differentiation, we analyzed the course of the T helper type 1 (T(H)1)-driven disease experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in mice with an altered B cell compartment. We found that recovery was dependent on the presence of autoantigen-reactive B cells. B cells from recovered mice produced interleukin 10 (IL-10) in response to autoantigen. With a bone marrow chimeric system, we generated mice in which IL-10 deficiency was restricted to B cells but not T cells. In the absence of IL-10 production by B cells, the pro-inflammatory type 1 immune response persisted and mice did not recover. These data show that B cell-derived IL-10 plays a key role in controlling autoimmunity. This article was published in Nat Immunol and referenced in Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology

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