Author(s): Korsrud GO, Boison JO, Nouws JF, MacNeil JD
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Abstract Bacterial inhibition tests used to screen milk, tissues, blood, and urine for antimicrobial veterinary drug residues must be high volume, quick, rugged, inexpensive, and sensitive. Bacterial inhibition tests--such as the Swab Test on Premises (STOP), the Calf Antibiotic and Sulfa Test (CAST), the Fast Antibiotic Screen Test (FAST), the Charm Farm Test (CFT), the Antimicrobial Inhibition Monitor 96 (AIM-96) assay, the German Three Plate Test, the European Union Four Plate Test and the New Dutch Kidney Test--have been used to screen tissues for antimicrobial activity. The CFT and the Brilliant Black Reduction Test (BBRT) also have been used to screen plasma. The Live Animal Swab Test (LAST) was developed to screen urine. This review examines the use and limitations of these screening tests for regulatory control and avoidance of veterinary drug residues in meat. The ideal bacterial inhibition test for screening antimicrobial residues in slaughtered animals does not exist. Each of the current and potential tests has limitations.
This article was published in J AOAC Int
and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences