alexa Bacterial lipid composition and the antimicrobial efficacy of cationic steroid compounds (Ceragenins).
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Journal of Plant Biochemistry & Physiology

Author(s): Epand RF, Savage PB, Epand RM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Ceragenins are cationic bile salt derivatives having antimicrobial activity. The interactions of several ceragenins with phospholipid bilayers were tested in different systems. The ceragenins are capable of forming specific associations with several phospholipid species that may be involved with their antimicrobial action. Their antimicrobial activity is lower in bacteria that have a high content of phosphatidylethanolamine. Gram negative bacteria with a high content of phosphatidylethanolamine exhibit sensitivity to different ceragenins that corresponds to the extent of interaction of these compounds with phospholipids, including the ability of different ceragenins to induce leakage of aqueous contents from phosphatidylethanolamine-rich liposomes. A second class of bacteria having cell membranes composed largely of anionic lipids and having a low content of phosphatidylethanolamine are very sensitive to the action of the ceragenins but they exhibit similar minimal inhibitory concentrations with most of the ceragenins and for different strains of bacteria. Although Gram negative bacteria generally have a high content of phosphatidylethanolamine, there are a few exceptions. In addition, a mutant strain of Escherichia coli has been made that is essentially devoid of phophatidylethanolamine, although 80\% of the lipid of the wild-type strain is phosphatidylethanolamine. Furthermore, certain Gram positive bacteria are also exceptions in that they can have a high content of phosphatidylethanolamine. We find that the antimicrobial action of the ceragenins correlates better with the content of phosphatidylethanolamine in the bacterial membrane than whether or not the bacteria has an outer membrane. Thus, the bacterial lipid composition can be an important factor in determining the sensitivity of bacteria to antimicrobial agents. This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta and referenced in Journal of Plant Biochemistry & Physiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 2nd International Conference on Biochemistry
    Sep 21-22, 2017 Macau, Hong Kong

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords