alexa [Bacterial pathogen and resistance spectrum of the non-irritated conjunctiva. 7,845 preoperative smears at the ophthalmologic clinic of the Erlangen university].


Clinical Microbiology: Open Access

Author(s): Boltze HJ, Rummelt V, Rllinghoff M, Naumann GO

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Abstract The type and extent of bacterial colonization of the conjunctiva at the time of an intraocular operation may have a major influence on the risk of post-operative endophthalmitis. Between March 1986 and December 1988 a total of 7845 preoperative conjunctival smears were therefore examined by culture of Erlangen University Eye Hospital, in cooperation with the Department of Clinical Microbiology. Altogether, 1221 (15.6\%) of the smears were classified as positive. Surgery on the patients concerned was postponed and gentamicin eye drops were administered for decontamination of their conjunctivae until the smears were negative. From the positive smears 1393 strains were cultured, identified, and submitted to a resistance test. The present paper reports the frequency distribution of the species of bacteria isolated and their resistance behavior, and compares the results with those of other authors. The value of preoperative cultures in the prevention of postoperative endophthalmitis and the importance of resistance tests in the context of topical application of antibiotics are discussed. This article was published in Klin Monbl Augenheilkd and referenced in Clinical Microbiology: Open Access

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