alexa Bactericidal permeability-increasing protein (BPI) is an important antigen for anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA) in vasculitis.


Journal of Dermatitis

Author(s): Zhao MH, Jones SJ, Lockwood CM, Zhao MH, Jones SJ, Lockwood CM

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Abstract Indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) techniques have shown that ANCA are useful serological markers for some small vessel vasculitides, and ELISA assays, using purified molecules as solid-phase ligand, have helped to identify proteinase 3 (PR3) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) as two of the major ANCA antigens. There remain a substantial number of serum samples, which are positive by IIF, yet recognize neither PR3 nor MPO (double-negative samples). We found, by Western blot analysis of soluble neutrophil granule proteins, that certain of these double-negative samples recognized a 55-kD doublet of which the first eight residues shared N-terminal amino acid sequence homology with BPI, a potent antibiotic towards Gram-negative bacteria. We developed a simple, quick and robust two-step immunobiochemical method to purify BPI. This was then employed to detect anti-BPI autoantibodies by ELISA and Western blot analysis. We tested 100 double-negative samples and 400 consecutive new samples sent for routine ANCA testing in the anti-BPI ELISA. We found that 45 of the 100 double-negative and 44 of the 400 new routine samples recognized BPI. By Western blot analysis 20/20 positive anti-BPI samples blotted the 55-kD protein. Inhibition assays confirmed the specificity of binding. Review of the 89 anti-BPI-positive patients showed a male dominance (M:F ratio 55:34), a mean age of 60.4 years and clinical diagnoses ranging from organ limited vasculitis to widespread systemic vasculitis.
This article was published in Clin Exp Immunol and referenced in Journal of Dermatitis

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