Author(s): Honda T, Domon H, Okui T, Kajita K, Amanuma R,
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Abstract The balance between inflammatory mediators and their counter-regulatory molecules may be crucial for determining the outcome of immune pathology of periodontal diseases. Based on clinical and immunological findings, the immune response in stable gingivitis lesion is supposed to be in balance, whereas the response is skewed towards the predominance of proinflammatory reactivity in progressive periodontitis lesion. However, this hypothesis has not been verified. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the gene expression profile of inflammatory mediators including proinflammatory cytokines and other inflammatory molecules, and anti-inflammatory cytokines by using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in gingivitis and periodontitis lesions showing distinct clinical entities. For inflammatory mediators, interleukin (IL)-1beta, interferon (IFN)-gamma and receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB ligand tended to be higher in periodontitis, whereas tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and IL-12 p40 showed no difference. Heat-shock protein 60 (HSP60) expression was up-regulated significantly in periodontitis. For anti-inflammatory cytokines, transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 expression tended to be higher in periodontitis compared with gingivitis, whereas no difference was observed for IL-10 and IL-4. These findings support further our previous finding that autoimmune response to HSP60 may exert in periodontitis lesion, and suggest that perhaps subtle differences in the balance of cytokines may result in different disease expression.
This article was published in Clin Exp Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology