alexa Barriers to HIV-testing among Hispanics in the United States: analysis of the National Health Interview Survey, 2000.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): LopezQuintero C, Shtarkshall R, Neumark YD

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Data from the 2000 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) were analyzed to explore barriers to HIV testing, and intentions to be tested among a nationally representative sample (n = 4,261) of the different Hispanic subgroups living in the United States. Weighted proportions and variances accounting for the complex sample design of the NHIS were estimated using the Taylor series linearization method. Regression estimates are expressed as odds ratios and their 95\% confidence intervals. Two thirds of sampled Hispanics had never been tested for HIV (excluding blood donations) and 88\% expressed no intention to do so in the near future. Many of the factors that influence the likelihood of having been tested in the past also impact on future HIV testing intentions including age, Hispanic subgroup, high-risk status, and self-perceived HIV risk. Compared to Puerto Ricans, Mexicans (odds ratio [OR] = 1.59, 1.1-2.3) and Mexican/Americans (OR = 1.61, 1.1-2.3) were more likely to never have been tested and Cubans were notably more likely to report negative future testing intentions (OR = 5.63, 2.5-12.8). Among Hispanics who reported high-risk status or high/medium self-perceived HIV risk, more than one quarter had never undergone testing and expressed no intention of doing so in the near future. Recognition of the HIV testing barriers identified in this study is valuable for the development and refinement of current strategies that aim to increase HIV testing practices in the heterogeneous U.S. Hispanic population. This article was published in AIDS Patient Care STDS and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version