alexa Baseline serum immunoglobulin levels in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: relationships with clinical parameters and with B-cell dynamics following rituximab.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): de la Torre I, Leandro MJ, Edwards JC, Cambridge G

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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether levels of serum immunoglobulins (sIgs) at baseline were associated with clinical parameters or B-cell dynamics following rituximab (RTX) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Baseline Ig levels, C-reactive protein (CRP), DAS28 and CD19+ve B-cell count (baseline, 1, 3 and 5 months) in 112 patients with RA after 1 cycle of RTX were included. All showed adequate B-cell depletion (<5 CD19+B cells/μl) after 1 month. Normal sIg ranges were for IgA (0.7-4.0 g/L), IgG (7.0-16.0 g/L), and IgM (0.4-2.3 g/L). RESULTS: Baseline IgA levels were raised in 29 patients, IgG in 18 and IgM in 11. CRP levels were significantly higher in patients with raised IgA and IgG compared to patients with normal levels (p=0.0002; p=0.03). At nadir after RTX, median levels of all sIgs decreased significantly although 16 patients (55\%) remained with raised IgA, 28\% IgG (5/18) and 27\% IgM (3/11). Patients with raised IgA had higher minimum levels reached of CRP and of DAS28 (p=0.002; p=05). After 5 months, a higher percentage of patients with raised baseline sIgA had repopulated and were found to have shorter clinical responses than those with sIgs within normal limits. CONCLUSIONS: sIgA levels in RA patients remained raised in a higher proportion of patients than other sIg after RTX. Raised sIgA was associated with a less robust clinical response to RTX and with B-cell repopulation coincident with relapse. Expanded or more permissive microenvironments for long-lived IgA plasma cells may be related to the presence of disease more refractive to B-cell depletion therapy.
This article was published in Clin Exp Rheumatol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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