Author(s): Rabin EM, Ohara J, Paul WE
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Abstract B-cell stimulatory factor 1 (BSF-1) is a T-cell-derived lymphokine that acts together with low concentrations of anti-IgM antibodies to stimulate resting B cells to enter the G1 phase of the cell cycle and to synthesize DNA. We show here that supernatants from EL-4 cells, rich in BSF-1 activity, and BSF-1 purified by high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC-BSF-1) act on resting B cells, in the absence of anti-IgM antibodies, to prepare them to respond to anti-IgM and BSF-1. A 24-hour preculture with BSF-1 speeds the entry into S phase of B cells subsequently cultured with anti-IgM and BSF-1 by approximately equal to 12 hours and causes substantial increase in cell volume of all resting B cells. Both of these effects, stimulated either by EL-4 supernatants or by HPLC-BSF-1, are inhibited by a monoclonal anti-BSF-1 antibody. These results lead us to propose that BSF-1 should be regarded as a B-cell activation factor.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology