alexa B-cell-activating factor receptor expression on naive and memory B cells: relationship with relapse in patients with rheumatoid arthritis following B-cell depletion therapy.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): de la Torre I, Moura RA, Leandro MJ, Edwards J, Cambridge G

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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To examine the expression of B-cell-activating factor receptor (BAFF-R) on naive CD27- and memory CD27+ B cells in normal individuals and patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) undergoing B-cell depletion therapy with rituximab. PATIENTS AND METHODS: BAFF-R expression on B-cell subsets was determined in normal controls (NC; n = 11), active patients with RA pre-rituximab (pre-RX; n = 15), relapsing patients either concordant for B-cell repopulation (C-R, n = 13) or discordant, with relapse more than 3 months after repopulation (D-R, n = 11) and patients in remission over 3 months postrepopulation (discordant non-relapsing (D-NR), n = 5). Serum BAFF was measured by ELISA and analysed using Mann-Whitney. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between NC, pre-RX and D-NR patients in \%BAFF-R-positive B cells or mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) in naive and memory B cells. Relapsing patients had significantly lower MFI and \%BAFF-R-positive cells in both naive and memory compartments from NC and pre-RX (C-R and D-R; p < 0.01). BAFF levels in pre-RX patients were within the normal range and did not correlate with BAFF-R expression in any patient group. D-NR patients had relatively lower proportions of pre and postswitch CD27+ B cells than pre-RX patients (D-NR vs pre-RX; p < 0.05 for both) and also lower numbers of postswitch B cells than D-R patients (D-NR vs D-R, p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: BAFF-R expression was significantly reduced on both naive and memory B cells in patients at relapse, regardless of the relationship with B-cell repopulation or serum BAFF levels. Re-establishment of active disease was also associated with an increase in class-switch recombination. Factors responsible for lower levels of BAFF-R may relate to altered thresholds for autoreactive B-cell generation at relapse in patients with RA. This article was published in Ann Rheum Dis and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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