alexa BDNF and gp145trkB in multiple sclerosis brain lesions: neuroprotective interactions between immune and neuronal cells?
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Stadelmann C, Kerschensteiner M, Misgeld T, Brck W, Hohlfeld R,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Recent immunohistological and imaging studies emphasize the crucial role of axonal injury in determining the extent of permanent neurological deficits in patients with multiple sclerosis. We have recently shown that human immune cells are capable of producing the neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which can prevent axonal and neuronal damage after various pathological insults. BDNF imported into the CNS by immune cells would thus be an attractive candidate for mediating neuroprotective effects in multiple sclerosis. The aim of the present study was to perform a detailed immunohistochemical analysis of the expression of BDNF and its receptor truncated trkB tyrosine kinase receptor (gp145trkB) in a series of multiple sclerosis brain lesions. Our data show that various types of neurones throughout the brain are BDNF immunopositive in multiple sclerosis patients as well as in controls. Furthermore, in multiple sclerosis lesions, BDNF is primarily present in immune cells (T cells, macrophages/microglia) and reactive astrocytes. The number of BDNF immunopositive cells correlates with lesional demyelinating activity. The BDNF receptor gp145trkB is found in neurones in the immediate vicinity of multiple sclerosis plaques as well as in reactive astrocytes within the lesion, but not in immune cells. Our results demonstrate that both BDNF and gp145trkB are expressed in multiple sclerosis lesions. This suggests that BDNF and gp145trkB are involved in immune-mediated neuroprotective interactions in multiple sclerosis, and supports the concept that immune cells produce both damaging and protective factors in multiple sclerosis lesions.
This article was published in Brain and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords