Author(s): Cleary PD, Van Devanter N, Rogers TF, Singer E, ShiptonLevy R, , Cleary PD, Van Devanter N, Rogers TF, Singer E, ShiptonLevy R,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: To learn more about how people who did not volunteer for testing react to information about HIV infection, we assessed short-term behavior changes in HIV-positive blood donors. METHODS: Blood donors who were notified at the New York Blood Center that they were HIV positive were asked to participate in a study. A nurse elicited a medical history, performed a limited medical examination, and asked participants to complete a questionnaire that included questions about drug use, sexual behavior, and psychological characteristics. Participants were asked to return in 2 weeks to complete another questionnaire. RESULTS: Many fewer men and women reported engaging in unsafe sexual behaviors in the 2 weeks preceding the follow-up visit than had reported such behaviors prior to notification. These changes were greater than those other investigators have reported, but about 40\% of the participants still reported unsafe sexual activity at the follow-up interview. CONCLUSIONS: To make nonvolunteer screening programs for HIV infection more effective in reducing the spread of HIV infection, we need to learn more about how to help people change their high-risk behaviors.
This article was published in Am J Public Health
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research