Author(s): LaczkaOsyczka A, Laczka M, Kasugai S, Ohya K
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Abstract Previous studies have shown different macrophage responses to three compact pellets (with slightly different chemical composition) of gel-derived bioactive glass-ceramics of the CaO-P2O5-SiO2 system. In the present study primary bone marrow cells directed in vitro to form osteoblastic or osteoclastic cells were cultivated on glass slides coated by these three glass-ceramics. Glass slides were used as controls. In osteoblastic cultures alkaline phosphatase activity varied, depending on the type of coatings. Northern analysis showed high mRNA expressions of bone-related proteins on both the glass-ceramics and control glass. Mineralized nodules were not formed on the control glass, but coating glass slides with the glass-ceramics promoted mineralization without any substantial differences between the types of coatings. In osteoclastic cultures, the normal morphology of tartrate resistant acid phosphatase-positive multinucleated cells on standard culture plates was altered on the control glass and the glass-ceramics. The number of these cells differed, depending on the type of coatings, with no particular differences in the arrangement of F-actin by these cells. These analyses demonstrate complete biocompatibility of the glass-ceramic coatings but not the control glass, on which the cells failed to form mineralized nodules. The phenotype expression of the cells appeared to be influenced by microstructure, surface roughness, and the general character of the coatings rather than their surface reactivity.
This article was published in J Biomed Mater Res
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability