Author(s): Flynn KM, Delclos KB, Newbold RR, Ferguson SA
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Abstract Vinclozolin is a fungicide used on food crops with human exposure estimated at approximately 2 microg/kg/day from ingestion; occupational exposure, however, may be greater. The metabolites of vinclozolin have been reported to act as antiandrogens and have adverse effects on reproductive physiology and behavior in animals. Here, pregnant rats were fed soy-free diets containing 0, 10, 150, or 750 ppm of vinclozolin (approximately 0, 0.8, 12, and 60 mg/kg/day for an adult) beginning on gestational day 7, and offspring were continued on these diets through sacrifice at postnatal day 77. Male and female offspring were assessed for changes in several nonreproductive sexually dimorphic behaviors: open field and running wheel locomotor activity, play behavior, and consumption of saccharin- and sodium chloride-flavored solutions. There was a significant interaction of sex with vinclozolin exposure on running wheel activity, which indicated that females in the high-dose exposure group were hypoactive compared to same-sex controls. There was a significant overall effect of vinclozolin exposure on fluid consumption, and high-dose animals showed increased intake of the saccharin solution and decreased intake of plain water while saccharin was available. Effects were more pronounced in females, which drank 40.8\% more saccharin than control females, whereas males drank 6.2\% more than control males. There were no effects of vinclozolin treatment on play behavior or sodium solution intake. Gestational duration, total and live pups per litter, litter sex ratios, and birth weight were also not significantly affected, nor were body weight and food intake for dams and offspring. These results indicate that long-term dietary exposure to vinclozolin does not have severe toxicological consequences on the nonreproductive behaviors measured here. However, exposure may cause subtle alterations in locomotor activity and consumption of saccharin-flavored solution.
This article was published in J Agric Food Chem
and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science