alexa Behavioural and gill histopathological effects of acute exposure to sodium chloride in moneda (Metynnis orinocensis).
Microbiology

Microbiology

Applied Microbiology: Open Access

Author(s): VelascoSantamara YM, CruzCasallas PE

Abstract Share this page

Abstract To evaluate the toxicity of sodium chloride (NaCl), juveniles and adult Metynnis orinocensis were exposed for 96h to 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 or 40gL(-1) of salt. Food intake, behaviour, opercular frequency (OF), mortality, body weight and gill microscopic alterations were evaluated. Behavioural changes were observed in fish exposed to concentrations higher than 10gL(-1). Juveniles and adults showed a progressive decrease in the OF and body weight. Food intake decreased in concentrations below 15gL(-1). Juveniles and adults exposed to 15, 20 or 40gL(-1) had 100\% mortality. Lamellar congestion, hyperplasia and fusion were the common microscopic alterations at higher concentrations. The gill congestion severity increased with salt concentration. The LC(50) for juveniles and adults were 10.5gL(-1) and 10.8gL(-1), respectively. These results suggest that salt concentrations lower than 5gL(-1) are safe for preventive and therapeutic practices in Metynnis orinocensis; whereas prolonged exposure higher than 10gL(-1) is deleterious in this species. Copyright © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in Environ Toxicol Pharmacol and referenced in Applied Microbiology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords