alexa Beneficial effects of high dose of L-arginine on airway hyperresponsiveness and airway inflammation in a murine model of asthma.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Mabalirajan U, Ahmad T, Leishangthem GD, Joseph DA, Dinda AK,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Disturbance in the delicate balance between L-arginine-metabolizing enzymes such as nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and arginase may lead to decreased L-arginine availability to constitutive forms of NOS (endothelial NOS), thereby increasing the nitro-oxidative stress and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated the effects of high doses of L-arginine on L-arginine-metabolizing enzymes and subsequent biological effects such as cyclic guanosine monophosphate production, lipid peroxidation, peroxynitrite, AHR, and airway inflammation in a murine model of asthma. METHODS: Different doses of L-arginine were administered to ovalbumin-sensitized and challenged mice. Exhaled nitric oxide, AHR, airway inflammation, T(H)2 cytokines, goblet cell metaplasia, nitro-oxidative stress, and expressions of arginase 1, endothelial NOS, and inducible NOS in lung were determined. RESULTS: L-arginine significantly reduced AHR and airway inflammation including bronchoalveolar lavage fluid eosinophilia, T(H)2 cytokines, TGF-beta1, goblet cell metaplasia, and subepithelial fibrosis. Further, L-arginine increased ENO levels and cyclic guanosine monophosphate in lung and reduced the markers of nitro-oxidative stress such as nitrotyrosine, 8-isoprostane, and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine. This was associated with reduced activity and expression of arginase 1, increased expression of endothelial NOS, and reduction of inducible NOS in bronchial epithelia. CONCLUSION: We conclude that L-arginine administration may improve disordered nitric oxide metabolism associated with allergic airway inflammation, and alleviates some features of asthma. This article was published in J Allergy Clin Immunol and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords